Demographics of the City of Los Angeles:  2000

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Maps of the City of Los Angeles

2000 Census

As of the U.S. Federal Census of 2000, there were 3,694,820 people, 1,275,412 households, and 798,407 families residing in the City of Los Angeles.   The population density was 7,876.8 people per square mile (3,041.3/kmē).  There were 1,337,706 housing units at an average density of 2,851.8 per square mile (1,101.1/kmē).

The racial makeup of the city was 46.9% White, 12.0% African American, 10.0% Asian, 1.0% Native American, 25.9% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races.  Moreover, 46.5% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino heritage of any race and 29.7% were White, not of Latino/Hispanic origins.

There were 2,275,412 households of which 33.5% had children under 18, 41.9% were married couples, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families.  28.5% of households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.  The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size 3.56.

The age distribution was:  26.6% under 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32.  For every 100 females there were 99.4 males.  For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household was $36,687, and for a family was $39,942.  Males had a median income of $31,880, females $30,197. The per capita income was $20,671.  22.1% of the population and 18.3% of families were below the poverty line.   30.3% of those under the age of 18 and 12.6% of those aged 65 or older were below the poverty line.

It is also of interest to note that the post-1950 population increase did not occur exclusively in suburban or peripheral locations.  While many other American cities have experienced central area population declines, the opposite has has been true here. The increase in the central area population is due, in part, to Los Angeles' large immigrant population.

In the period from 1920 to 1960, African Americans from the Southeast U.S. arrived in Los Angeles and its population grew 15 times.  Since 1990, the African American population dropped in half as its middle class relocated to the suburbs, notably the Antelope Valley and Inland Empire and Latinos have moved into the once predominantly African American district of South-Central Los Angeles.  African Americans still remain predominant in some portions of the city, including Hyde Park, Crenshaw District, Leimert Park, and Baldwin Hills (as well as neighboring View Park-Windsor Hills and Ladera Heights), which is considered to be one of the wealthiest majority-black neighborhoods in the United States.  Los Angeles still has the largest African American community of any city in the western United States.

National origins

Of 2,182,114 U.S.-born people, 1,485,576 were born in California, 663,746 were born in a different state of the U.S., and 61,792 were born in a U.S. territory, according to the 2000 Census.

City of Los Angeles
Population by year
1890 50,395
1900 102,479
1910 319,198
1920 576,673
1930 1,238,048
1940 1,504,277
1950 1,970,358
1960 2,479,015
1970 2,816,061
1980 2,966,850
1990 3,485,398
2000 3,694,820
2005 3,844,829
2007 4,018,080

Of 1,512,720 foreign-born people, 100,252 were born in Europe, 376,767 were born in Asia, 64,730 were born in Africa, 94,104 were born in Caribbean/Oceania, 996,996 were born in Latin America, and 13,859 were born in Northern America.  Of such foreign-born people, 569,771 entered the U.S. between 1990 to March 2000.  509,841
were naturalized citizens and 1,002,879 were not citizens.

By the next national census, Los Angeles is expected to have an Hispanic/Latino majority for the first time since 1850.  The City of Los Angeles has the second largest foreign-born population of any major U.S. city, after Miami.   The Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) is the number one entry for immigrants to the U.S.   The Hispanic (Mexico, Central America and South America), Asian American, and Caribbean populations are growing
particularly quickly — the Asian-American population is the largest of any U.S. city, which contains the largest concentration of Los Angeles County's 1.4 million Asians.  Los Angeles hosts the largest populations of Iranians, Armenians, Belizeans, Bulgarians, Ethiopians, Filipinos, Guatemalans, Hungarians, Koreans, Mexicans, Nicaraguans, Salvadorans, Thais, and Pacific Islanders such as Samoans in both the U.S. and the world outside of their respective countries.  Los Angeles is also home to the largest populations of Japanese living in the U. S., and has one of the largest Native American populations in the country.  It is also home to the second largest concentration of Russians and people of Jewish descent in the Americas, after New York City.  Los Angeles experienced minor waves of European immigration in the late 1800s and early 1900s and the city has sizeable populations of German, Greek, Irish, Italian, Romanian, Polish, Portuguese, Serb, Spanish, Croatian and Ukrainian descent.

Los Angeles is home to people from more than 140 countries speaking at least 224 different languages.  Ethnic enclaves like Chinatown, Historic Filipinotown, Koreatown, Little Armenia, Little Ethiopia, Little Persia, Little Tokyo, and Thai Town provide examples of the polyglot character of contemporary Los Angeles.  Central American residents of the Westlake-MacArthur Park area of Los Angeles would like for their neighborhood to be called "Central America Town," while other long-term residents, such as Jewish merchants, are opposed to the idea.

Language Variables

City of Los Angeles Population by Community & Race-Ethnic / By Zipcode & Race-Ethnic