A CHRONOLOGY OF PROTESTANT BEGINNINGS: HAITI
by Drs. Daryl L. Platt and Clifton L. Holland
(last revised on June 9, 2003)
Historical Overview of Haiti:
Became Spanish Colony: 1492
Became French Colony: 1657
Under Control of French West Indies Company: 1664
Ceded by Spain to France in the Treaty of Ryswick: 1697
Slave Revolt against French colonial structure: 1791
Independence from France declared: 1795
Independent Republic established under President Toussaint Louverture: 1804
Concordat with Rome established: 1860
American military occupation: 1915-1934
Duvalier dictatorship: 1957-1989
Number of North American agencies in 1989: 121
Number of North American agencies in 1996: 79
Indicates European society*
Significant Protestant Beginnings or Events:
1807 - *British Methodist pastors arrived to serve the English-speaking black population (English Wesleyan Mission, now the Methodist Church of Great Britain); the Methodist Church of Haiti is now part of the Conference of the Methodist Church in the Caribbean and the Americas.
1816 - *Wesleyan Methodist Mission Society responded to Haitian presidential request sending two pastors
1816 - *Quaker evangelistic campaigns conducted by Etienne de Grellet and John Hancock.
1820 - American immigrants (some Protestants) responded to President Boyer's request for colonizers.
1823 - Baptist missionaries began work, later withdrew (Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society)
1861 - Protestant Episcopal Church begun under Rev. James T. Holly with 110 Afro-American immigrants from the USA.
1874 - Apostolic Orthodox Anglican Church of Haiti (under Bishop James T. Holly) becomes autonomous province of the Protestant Episcopal Church; it reunited with the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1917.
1905 - Seventh-day Adventist General Conference (incorporate an independent work that began in 1879)
1920 - Lott Carey Baptist Foreign Mission Convention of the Negro Baptist Churches in the USA.
1923 - American Baptist Home Mission Society (American Baptist Churches in the USA), associated with the Baptist Convention of Haiti (formed in 1960); since 1939 the American Baptists have cooperated with the Haitian Baptist churches founded by the English and Jamaican Baptist missions.
1927 - Society of St. Margaret (Episcopal service agency)
1931 - Church of God of Prophecy Mission
1934 - Church of God World Missions (Cleveland, TN)
1936 - World Team (formerly, West Indies Mission), affiliated with the Evangelical Baptist Mission of South Haiti
1943 - Evangelical Bible Mission, Inc.
1943 - Unevangelized Fields Mission (UFM International) – Evangelical Baptist Mission of Haiti (incorporates the earlier Baptist work by Mr. Pierce in Port-de-Paix and the World Gospel Crusade in Port-au-Prince)
1946 - Child Evangelism Fellowship
1949 - Wesleyan Methodist Church World Missions (incorporated the work of the Hepzibah Faith Mission that began in the early 1940s)
1949 - Baptist Mid-Missions (1934)
1950 - Church of the Nazarene, World Missions Division (incorporated an earlier work that began in 1946)
1952 - The Missionary Church, World Partners (incorporated the early independent work in Pignon led by Eli Marc and a group of churches that split from the UFM in 1949)
1954 - Janz Teach Ministries, Canada
1957 - Assemblies of God, General Council (incorporated the work of independent Pentecostals in the hills around Miragoane that was founded in the 1940s)
1958 - Mennonite Central Committee
1958 - OMS International, Inc. (incorporated the work of the independent East West Indies Bible Mission that began in 1946), affiliated with the Evangelical Church of Haiti.
1959 - Greater Europe Mission, Canada
1960 - Baptist Convention of Haiti formed by the American Baptists and other affiliated groups; however, a group of Baptist churches in the Jacmel area did not become part of the Convention; these independent Baptist churches were later organized as the Jacmel Baptist Churches.
1960 - World-Wide Missions, affiliated with Eben-Ezer Church of God
1962 - World Gospel Mission
1963 - CSI Ministries
1964 - Missionary Flights International
1966 - Have Christ Will Travel Ministries
1966 - International Child Care
1966 - United Pentecostal Church International
1967 - Churches of God, General Conference
1967 - Macedonian World Baptist Missions
1968 - Friends for Missions, Inc.
1969 - For Haiti with Love, Inc.
1969 - Allegheny Wesleyan Methodist Missions
1970 - Ministries in Action
1970 - Global Outreach Mission, Canada
1972 - Haiti Gospel Mission
1974 - Presbyterian Church, USA
1975 - Mission to the World, Presbyterian Church in America
1976 - International Pentecostal Holiness Church
1978 - Baptist International Missions
1978 - Southern Baptist Convention (International Mission Board)
1979 - Gospel Outreach, Ltd.
1979 - Mission Possible
1981 - International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
1981 - Habitat for Humanity International
1981 - Medical Ambassadors International
1981 - Missionary Aviation Fellowship
1982 - Baptist Bible Fellowship International
1982 - Harvest
1982 - International Partnership Ministries
1983 - Childcare International
1983 - Hope for the Hungry
1983 - New Missions to Haiti
1985 - Christian Reformed World Missions
1985 - Rehoboth Ministries, Inc.
1985 - STEM Ministries
1986 - Elim Fellowship World Missions
1986 - FOCAS
1987 - World Concern
1988 - Global Strategy Mission Association
1988 - Reciprocal Ministries International
1989 - Global Missionary Evangelism
1989 - International Teams of Canada
1991 - Christian Aid Ministries
1992 - Mission to the Americas
1993 - Barnabas Ministries, Inc.
1993 - ECHO
1993 - Evangelical Free Church Mission
1994 - TEAM of Canada
1995 - Mission Society for United Methodists
1996 - FEBInternational (Far East Broadcasting)
Date of Origin Unknown:
African Methodist Episcopal Church
AMG International (Advancing the Ministry of the Gospel)
Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God
Evangelistic World Outreach
Assembly of Christian Churches
Association of International Gospel Assemblies
Baptist Evangelistic Mission Association
Baptist World Mission
Bethany Baptist Missionary Society
Bible Holiness Movement (Vancouver, Canada)
Christian Church and Churches of Christ
Christian & Missionary Alliance
Church of God, Evangelical Holiness Union
Church of God Holiness
Church of God in Christ
Church of God in North America
Church of Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith
Church of the Brethren
Conservative Baptist Home Missionary Society – Conservative Baptist Haiti Mission
Eastern Mennonite Board of Missions
Eden Church of God
Evangelical Church of Haiti
Evangelical Methodist Church, World Mission
Faith Holiness Mission
Food for the Hungry
Free Methodist Church
Gedeon’s Band Evangelical Church
Haiti Gospel Mission
Haiti Independent Baptist Mission
Haiti Inland Mission
Heifer Project International
Larry Jones Ministry
London Baptist Missionary Society/Jamaican Baptist Missionary Society (Jacmel Baptist Churches)
Maranatha Baptist Missions
Missionary Revival Crusades
National Baptist Convention of America
Open Bible Standard Churches
Operation Mobilization of Canada
Pentecostal Assemblies of the World
Pentecostal Church of God, MI (founded prior to 1970 by missionaries from Puerto Rico)
Pentecostal Holiness Church of God
Progressive National Baptist Convention, USA
Sinai Church of God
TEAR Fund England
The Salvation Army of Canada
Teen Missions International
United Evangelical Churches (Monrovia, CA)
United Methodist Church
World Mission to the Whole Man, Inc. (Miami, FL)
World Relief Commission
World-Wide New Testament Baptist Mission
World Vision International
Youth With A Mission (YWAM)
(1) Dates listed indicate the earliest recorded ministry or in case of discrepancies, the date most frequently indicated.
(2) North American Agencies include U.S. and Canadian.
(3) Religious tolerance has existed throughout Haiti’s independent history.
(1) Daryl L. Platt, "Who Represents the Evangelical Churches in Latin America? A Study of the Evangelical Fellowship Organizations." Pasadena, CA: an unpublished Doctor of Missiology Dissertation, School of World Mission, Fuller Theological Seminary, June 1991. Used by permission of the author.
(3) Dayton Roberts and John Siewert, editors: Mission Handbook of U.S. and Canadian Christian Ministries Overseas (MARC 1989).
(4) John A. Siewert and Edna G. Valdez, editors: Mission Handbook of U.S. and Canadian Christian Ministries Overseas (MARC 1997).
(5) Jean-Jacques Bauswein and Lukas Vischer, The Reformed Family Worldwide (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999).
(6) Clifton L. Holland, editor, World Christianity: Central America and the Caribbean (MARC-World Vision International, 1981)
(7) Justo L. González, The Development of Christianity in the Latin Caribbean (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1969).
(8) Harmon A. Johnson, The Growing Church in Haiti (West Indies Mission, 1970).